Community-run trading posts help Amazon forest people reverse rural exodus

first_imgRiverine communities along the Xingu River basin in the Brazilian state of Pará are running their own trading posts that are significantly boosting the income of their members.By eliminating middlemen, the community-run posts are paying families up to twice as much for their Brazil nuts, rubber and other products collected in the forest.By buying in bulk, the posts are also able to sell essential household goods, such as salt, coffee, soap and boots, more cheaply to their members.These improvements mean that it is now economically viable for the families to go on living sustainably in the forest, and the rural exodus is being reversed. “We used to go into the forest to tap copaiba oil but we had no good way of selling it. The regatão [traveling river trader] paid us whatever he liked and took ages to give us the money. How could we survive like that?” asks Pedro Pereira de Castro, who lives in the Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve, located within the Xingu River basin in the Brazilian Amazon.Today this has changed for the better. Pedro Pereira now manages the Paulo Afonso cantina, a trading post inside the reserve. Cantinas were previously controlled by the river traders, but today it is the community that runs them. Local families deliver their production of Brazil nuts, rubber and oils to the cantinas, in exchange for cash or essential household goods, such as soap, salt, coffee and boots.By running the cantinas themselves, these traditional Amazonian communities have eliminated the middlemen and greatly increased their incomes. It’s now possible for them and their children to stay in the forest, maintaining their traditional way of life, while receiving a decent income. No longer are they fleeing to Brazil’s urban areas to try and find work.Pedro Pereira de Castro runs the Paulo Afonso cantina, a trading post, in the Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve. Image by Lilo Clareto.Derisvaldo Moreira lives in a land settlement project near Uruará, a town on the Transamazon highway. His community also collects forest products, but sells them to middlemen. He told Mongabay he was amazed at the higher prices the community-run cantinas in Riozinho do Anfrísio pay: “I got two reais a box for my Brazil nuts this year,” or about 50 U.S. cents. “The cantinas paid five.”Today there are 22 community-run cantinas in the region known as the Terra do Meio, the land that lies between the Xingu and Tapajós rivers. Eight are in indigenous territories and run by . The remaining 14 are in extractive reserves, or Resex, which were created in response to demands from traditional populations for a new kind of conservation unit that protected both the forest and their way of life. These are areas where the inhabitants have the right to practice traditional extractivism — hunting, fishing and gathering — as well as subsistence agriculture.The community association representing the 22 cantinas negotiates contracts with private companies and state bodies. It has secured long-term contracts with Swiss-based fragrance and flavor manufacturer Firmenich; Mercur, a Brazilian company promoting innovations; and Brazilian food manufacturer Wickbold. It also sells its products to the municipal governments of Altamira and Vitória do Xingu, and to a Brazilian cosmetics company, Atina, and is in advanced negotiations with the large Brazilian supermarket group Pão de Açúcar and a British cosmetics company, Lush.Together, the cantinas have a working capital of 530,000 reais ($134,000). Their Brazil nut sales from the last harvest alone brought in 1.5 million reais ($381,000).The families carry out simple processing tasks in the forest or at home, and more complex procedures in mini-plants that can be adapted for a variety of tasks. For instance, the same press used to crack Brazil nuts and cacao pods can also be used to extract oil from the andiroba almond or the babassu palm fruit, among other products.Processing babassu oil in the village of Potikro in the Trincheira-Bacajá Indigenous Territory, home to Xikrin Indians. Image by Leonardo de Moura.These new community-run cantinas have a democratic structure. The manager, chosen by the community, is in charge of financial administration and pays the families for their products, either in cash or goods, with prices fixed by the community.It’s a marked difference from previously, when the families were heavily exploited by the river traders. The new structure came about after they sought help from partners like the Socioenvironmental Institute (ISA) and the civil nonprofit Institute of Agricultural and Forest Management and Certification (IMAFLORA) to develop an alternative marketing network. They were seeking fair prices and long-term contracts that respected the way the communities functioned, and in tune with their seasonal rhythms.“The creation of a network of community cantinas and mini factories scattered across the region has driven the process by which beiradeiros [riverine families] and indigenous communities have become protagonists in the building of productive systems and the management of the territory as a whole,” Marcelo Salazar, office coordinator of the ISA in Altamira and one of the people who helped set up the network, told Mongabay.The network has helped to stem the rural exodus and reinvigorate extractivism. For instance, more than 150 long-abandoned pathways cut through the forest by rubber tappers have been reopened. “There were a lot of people who didn’t collect forest products any more, as it’s hard work and they didn’t earn much,” Pedro Pereira de Castro said. “Everyone was giving up and doing other things. But today we earn much more and people are going back to extractivism.”Dona Maria Laur, a beiradeira who manages the São Francisco cantina in the Rio Iriri Extractive Reserve, said the project had had a big impact on young people. “I’m amazed seeing young people breaking Brazil nuts because they were turning their back on the forest, staying at home,” she told Mongabay. “But today they spend all day working with their parents, they don’t want to go to the city.”Even those who left previously, she says, are coming back to the forest, drawn by the money they can earn from Brazil nuts. “If the nuts didn’t bring in money, how could we have got our children to come back and work with us?”The forest has gained prestige among young people, she says. “Something that everyone here will tell you is the change in the way youngsters view the forest. Even though people tell them they can earn good money from ranching, no one wants to fell the forest,” Dona Maria said.Dona Maria Laura in her house, which is also a cantina. The map on the wall behind her shows the locations of the other cantinas in the network. Image by Marcelo Salazar/ISA.It’s not only young people whose lives have been transformed, says Augusto Postigo, an anthropologist who is part of the ISA team working with the cantinas. “The strengthening of extractivism in the reserve has turned into a way of managing the reserve, with the reoccupation of land and the strengthening of rights over historical, traditional territory and the monitoring of protected areas,” he said. “At the same time, initiatives have been taken to improve education and health, because this is required to organize production.”Just as important as the economic benefits is the strengthening of the communities and their culture. “Everything is better because we’re all together,” Raimunda Araujo Rodrigues Nonata, who runs the Rio Novo cantina and coordinates the mini-processing plants, told Mongabay. “We’ve become one big family, with the network of cantinas.”It has become easier for communities to be in touch with each other, she says. “Now we have the extractive reserves, everyone has a radio [to communicate over long distances]. Today everyone is talking to each other and this helps us protect our territory. Everyone is paying attention to what is happening, commenting on the arrival of someone from outside.”These developments are disproving the widely held assertion that the extractivism, practiced by traditional communities occupying the Amazon forest is no longer viable in the modern world. These families have over the centuries acquired an extraordinary wealth of knowledge about the forest. But until recently it was difficult for them to use this knowledge, so valuable to efforts to conserve the forest, to make a decent living.Thanks to the families in the Terra do Meio, this is changing. They are giving the world a lesson in how to generate income sustainably from standing forest.Weighing babassu nuts in the mini factory in Potikro village in the Trincheira-Bacajá Indigenous Territory, home to Xikrin Indians. Image by Leonardo Moura. Agriculture, Amazon Agriculture, Amazon Conservation, Amazon People, Conservation, Conservation Solutions, Culture, Environment, Forests, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Indigenous Culture, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Rainforests, Rivers, Saving The Amazon, Social Justice, Threats To The Amazon, Traditional People, Tropical Forests Article published by hayatcenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Review – Minnie Van Service to Port Canaveral

first_imgShare This!Last week, Tammy Whiting and I had the pleasure of being the first guests to use the newly launched Minnie Van transfers from Walt Disney World to Port Canaveral! This service has not been publicly advertised by Disney yet, so we were very excited to receive the news that they were beginning to take reservations just a couple of days before our cruise on the Disney Dream out of Port Canaveral.Minnie Van transfers between Walt Disney World Resorts and Port Canaveral must be set up by calling in to Disney Cruise Line Embarkation Services at 1-800-395-9374. The transfer is a flat fee of $240, one way, gratuity not included (payable at your discretion in cash to your driver). This price is for up to six guests in one Minnie Van, including up to two car seats. Making the reservation is easy – you just need to provide basic information including your cruise reservation number, desired pickup time, and if there are any car seats or an accessible vehicle needed. Payment is taken in full over the phone at the time of the reservation, and there is a 24-hour cancellation policy. Within minutes of making the reservation, I had an email confirmation in my inbox. The day before our scheduled transfer, I received a phone call from the Minnie Van team, confirming the time and location of our pickup. I woke up to yet another email confirming my pickup on the morning of our cruise – there is certainly no lack of communication! Our pickup was set for 9:30 a.m. at the Yacht Club. We stepped out to the porte-cochere at 9:25 to find our driver, Stephan, standing next to one of the brand new wrapped Suburbans that were just recently introduced to the fleet. We loved the giant pile of Ghirardelli chocolates – there were both Milk Chocolate Caramel and Dark Chocolate Sea Salt Caramel. I will not divulge how many were consumed in the 70-ish minute drive (it was a lot and we have no regrets). If you need a break from the chocolates, there was also an ample supply of mints – they are of the buttercream variety, and are individually wrapped in adorably branded packages. We also appreciated the multiple power cords available to charge our devices during the ride. Stephan helped load our luggage into the back and we were off! The suburban seats six comfortably – one in the front, two captains chairs in the center, and 3 on the bench seat in the back. The back of the vehicle was fully stocked for the ride. There were bottles of Smartwater and three flavors (Berry, Black Cherry, Raspberry Lemonade) of Dasani sparkling water to drink, all nicely chilled. During our ride, we mostly chatted with Stephan, who has been part of the Minnie Van team since the beginning, and it was fun to hear his insights and information on the program. If you are not much for chatting and prefer music, the vehicles are set up with all the resort playlists – there isn’t anything specific to the port, but you can request to listen to any loop of your choice. Stephan said his personal favorite is the Pop Century playlist – and it was definitely upbeat and fun! The suburbans are equipped with a video entertainment system. They aren’t being used just yet, in fact the protective plastic wrap was still on the screen. But they do have plans to eventually have something playing – maybe classic Disney shorts, maybe informational videos relevant to the port/cruise, similar to what is currently shown on the Magical Express buses. There were also two beautiful hardcover books in the back to read during the ride. We arrived at the port to big smiles from the security staff. The Minnie Van enters through security, where the guard will check both cruise documents and identification, and drops you off curbside to the terminal entrance – you cannot get any closer than this. Porters were waiting to whisk our bags away. Everything was seamless, start to finish.You can also reserve a ride from the port to a Walt Disney World resort at the end of your cruise. The price is the same, and you can set your desired pickup time (between 7 and 9 a.m.).Did we enjoy our ride? Absolutely! Do we feel it was worth the price? Yes. This is not meant to be an “economical” service. There are definitely cheaper options out there, especially depending on party size – though if we are comparing the DCL bus transfers to the Minnie Van for a party of six, the Minnie Van is only $30 more. The value of this service is in the convienence – you can set your pickup time (but making sure it coordinates with your port arrival time), and you can arrive much earlier than the DCL bus transfers. It’s in the reliability – I’ve used other services before that haven’t been on time, and haven’t been very apologetic either. It’s in the comfort of knowing you are in reliable hands. And yes, the extras absolutely add to the experience!Would you consider this option for your future cruise? Tell me in the comments!last_img read more

Young boxer Claro dies

first_imgRobredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games LATEST STORIES Claro did so and was scheduled to fight, but it got postponed twice because he underwent a tooth extraction and contracted urinary tract infection (UTI).“My sincerest condolences to the family of Jeffrey whose death is a great loss to to Philippine boxing,” said Mitra. —ROY LUARCASports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Fatigue not a concern for Brownlee after playing extended minutes Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Boxer Jeffrey Claro never woke up from a coma and passed away at 11 a.m. on Sunday at Ospital ng Maynila. He just turned 20 five days ago.According to the Facebook page of the Games and Amusements Board, Claro went down during a sparring session in Mandaluyong City on Friday afternoon and lapsed into a coma.ADVERTISEMENT Trump to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups MOST READ Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Palace: Robredo back to ‘groping with a blind vision’ Winter storm threatens to scramble Thanksgiving travel plans The remains of Claro, who was due to fight this November, will be brought home to Palawan this Thursday.GAB Chair Abraham Mitra was at the hospital when Claro, who held a 1-win, 4-loss card, died.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingMitra’s group together with Singwancha Foundation representatives arranged for Claro’s mortuary and funeral services, transport to the province and financial assistance.Claro was part of the group that was found by GAB to have submitted fake computed tomography (CT) scans and was asked to submit new results with plates. His license was never revoked but he was disallowed to have professional fights until he submits a new CT scan. ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims No more menthol cigarettes: New ban on tobacco, vape flavors Argentine bishop appears at court hearing on abuse charges Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more

Videos: Wayne Selden Found Carlton Bragg From Beyond Half-Court For A Huge Alley-Oop

first_imgCarlton Bragg's alley-oop dunk against Montana.Twitter/@NickPriceKU Kansas made quick work of Montana at the Phog today, scoring an 88-46 win this afternoon. Midway through the second half, with a 33 point lead, Wayne Selden and Carlton Bragg connected for an extremely impressive alley-oop. Selden threw it up from beyond half-court, Bragg slammed it home, and accidentally wound up riding on Montana forward Martin Breunig’s shoulders, to add insult to injury.Carlton Bragg making Montana look foolish with this crazy alley-pop. All smiles inside Allen Fieldhouse. #kubball— Andrew Baker (@abakesports) December 19, 2015Carlton Bragg out here disrespecting #12. #kubball— Nick Price (@NickPriceKU) December 19, 2015That dunk brought the crowd to its feet, and rightfully so. Not every day does your team casually throw alley-oops from 50 feet away.last_img read more

What our ancestors meant Canada First Nations create new park reserve

first_imgThaidene Nëné in the Northwest Territories will become Canada’s newest National Park Reserve. Photo: Parks Canada.The Canadian PressA deal on a vast new national park reserve in the North is being called a model for future relationships between First Nations and Canada.“This is what our ancestors meant when they entered into treaty with Canada,” said Steve Nitah, who represented Indigenous groups in talks that led to the Thaidene Nëné National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories.“We agreed to share the land, its resources, the responsibility for management, and to benefit together.”Thaidene Nëné — Land of the Ancestors — protects 26,376 square kilometres of pristine waters and healthy forest in and around the east arm of Great Slave Lake. The agreement to be signed Wednesday between the federal and territorial governments and four First Nations gives Indigenous people an unprecedented role in the park’s operation.It is to be co-managed by Parks Canada and the Lutsel K’e First Nation. Neighbouring communities will have a role in developing the park plan.There will be at least eight full-time jobs to monitor and protect the land and run a visitor and operations centre in Lutsel K’e. Indigenous people will be able to hunt, fish and carry out other traditional activities as they always have.It’s the way of the future, said federal Environment Minister Catherine McKenna — especially if Canada is to meet its internationally promised target of 17 per cent of its land under protection by 2020.“It was clear that the only way you could do that was in partnership with Indigenous people,” she said. “This follows along that vision.”No industrial activities will be allowed. Non-Indigenous visitors will be barred from big-game hunting, but can otherwise use the area.About 14,000 square kilometres is to be managed as a national park. Another 12,000 square kilometres will be under territorial legislation with similar protection as the federal area.Campgrounds and other infrastructure are to be developed. The park will be marketed as a tourist destination, said Nitah.Visitors will experience both boreal forest and tundra threaded with lakes, rivers and waterfalls. The lake boasts spectacular cliffs and islands and some of the deepest freshwater in North America.Wildlife in the area includes moose, muskox, wolves, bears, wolverines, caribou and many species of birds and fish.“It’s the heart of our homeland,” Nitah said. “We want to be able to ensure that future generations can depend on it for sustenance, cultural preservation and spiritual guidance.”Nitah said southern First Nations are already looking at the Thaidene Nëné agreement as a model for talks with Parks Canada.The deal took more than 50 years to work out. Overlapping land claims and concerns about mineral resources made the talks complicated, McKenna said.About 8,000 square kilometres originally proposed for the park were removed because of potentially valuable deposits.Thaidene Nëné brings Canada’s inventory of protected areas to just over 12 per cent, an increase of two percentage points under the Liberal government.More is coming. A $1-billion federal-private conservation fund has been overwhelmed with applications, McKenna said.“Many of those are with Indigenous people. They don’t necessarily have to be national parks.“We are committed to meeting our 17 per cent target.”Nitah’s just glad Thaidene Nëné is finally on the books.“That’s where I grew up, on the land in bush camps. Summers on the tundra, fall in the boreal, following the trapping seasons.“It’s close to my heart, and close to all the people from Lutsel K’e.” read more