Vizcarra has inherited the task of making critical decisions on the long-term, global benefit of an intact Amazon against short-term profits from mining, extraction and both legal and illegal logging.Nowhere is this struggle for balance more critical than in the country’s nature reserves and national parks such as Manu National Park.Manu is renowned as one of the world’s richest biodiversity hotspots, with greater numbers of certain plants and animals than any other park on the planet.Critics cite a legacy of neglect and question whether the Vizcarra administration will do any better enforcing the nation’s environmental protection laws. MANU NATIONAL PARK, Peru — There was movement in the understory deep in the dense rainforest off Trail 6. We saw a shadow scurry left to right, followed by more rustling. White-lipped peccary. Several of them.“You’re going to be as quiet as you’ve ever been in your life,” biologist Miles Silman told me as he stepped off the trail, lifting his muddied, shin-high rubber boots and setting them down softly, silently. I followed, mimicking his steps, looking for spongy footfalls, avoiding branches. Silman is with Wake Forest University in North Carolina, and has been doing field research in these jungles for more than a quarter of a century.It had already been a productive early-morning hike in Cocha Cashu Biological Station (CCBS), a world-renowned tropical ecology field station in the middle of Manu National Park in the southern Peruvian Amazon.Manu is equally renowned as the world’s richest biodiversity hotspot. It has a greater number of species — trees, frogs, birds such as horned screamers and hoatzins, butterflies, primates such as emperor tamarin and howler monkeys, snakes, big cats such as jaguar and puma, and oddball mammals such as giant otters, tapir, capybara, giant anteaters and spectacled bears — than any other park on the planet.The dense, untrammeled jungle in Cocha Cashu, where nature is in near-perfect balance. Photo courtesy Jason Houston.We set out in search of peccary after we had already marveled at a fist-sized pygmy marmoset with an even tinier baby clinging to her furry, brown back. Squirrel and spider monkeys, working in tandem, leaped through the canopy in search of fruiting fig trees. A flock of jet-black, razor-billed curassows, the size of wild turkeys and just as graceless in flight, crashed from tree to tree. A twig-thin snake the color of leaf litter slithered underfoot. Spiderwebs with shining interior spirals alerted birds and bats to steer clear.If ever there were a Garden of Eden, a lightly trammeled old-growth forest with soaring trees and nature in near-perfect harmony, Cocha Cashu is it. But like everything else in the tropics, the entire ecosystem is struggling from the effects of global warming. And Manu, established in 1973 and roughly the size of Connecticut, is also under threat from human incursions inside and outside its borders, just like so many other Peruvian nature preserves.
Riverine communities along the Xingu River basin in the Brazilian state of Pará are running their own trading posts that are significantly boosting the income of their members.By eliminating middlemen, the community-run posts are paying families up to twice as much for their Brazil nuts, rubber and other products collected in the forest.By buying in bulk, the posts are also able to sell essential household goods, such as salt, coffee, soap and boots, more cheaply to their members.These improvements mean that it is now economically viable for the families to go on living sustainably in the forest, and the rural exodus is being reversed. “We used to go into the forest to tap copaiba oil but we had no good way of selling it. The regatão [traveling river trader] paid us whatever he liked and took ages to give us the money. How could we survive like that?” asks Pedro Pereira de Castro, who lives in the Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve, located within the Xingu River basin in the Brazilian Amazon.Today this has changed for the better. Pedro Pereira now manages the Paulo Afonso cantina, a trading post inside the reserve. Cantinas were previously controlled by the river traders, but today it is the community that runs them. Local families deliver their production of Brazil nuts, rubber and oils to the cantinas, in exchange for cash or essential household goods, such as soap, salt, coffee and boots.By running the cantinas themselves, these traditional Amazonian communities have eliminated the middlemen and greatly increased their incomes. It’s now possible for them and their children to stay in the forest, maintaining their traditional way of life, while receiving a decent income. No longer are they fleeing to Brazil’s urban areas to try and find work.Pedro Pereira de Castro runs the Paulo Afonso cantina, a trading post, in the Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve. Image by Lilo Clareto.Derisvaldo Moreira lives in a land settlement project near Uruará, a town on the Transamazon highway. His community also collects forest products, but sells them to middlemen. He told Mongabay he was amazed at the higher prices the community-run cantinas in Riozinho do Anfrísio pay: “I got two reais a box for my Brazil nuts this year,” or about 50 U.S. cents. “The cantinas paid five.”Today there are 22 community-run cantinas in the region known as the Terra do Meio, the land that lies between the Xingu and Tapajós rivers. Eight are in indigenous territories and run by . The remaining 14 are in extractive reserves, or Resex, which were created in response to demands from traditional populations for a new kind of conservation unit that protected both the forest and their way of life. These are areas where the inhabitants have the right to practice traditional extractivism — hunting, fishing and gathering — as well as subsistence agriculture.The community association representing the 22 cantinas negotiates contracts with private companies and state bodies. It has secured long-term contracts with Swiss-based fragrance and flavor manufacturer Firmenich; Mercur, a Brazilian company promoting innovations; and Brazilian food manufacturer Wickbold. It also sells its products to the municipal governments of Altamira and Vitória do Xingu, and to a Brazilian cosmetics company, Atina, and is in advanced negotiations with the large Brazilian supermarket group Pão de Açúcar and a British cosmetics company, Lush.Together, the cantinas have a working capital of 530,000 reais ($134,000). Their Brazil nut sales from the last harvest alone brought in 1.5 million reais ($381,000).The families carry out simple processing tasks in the forest or at home, and more complex procedures in mini-plants that can be adapted for a variety of tasks. For instance, the same press used to crack Brazil nuts and cacao pods can also be used to extract oil from the andiroba almond or the babassu palm fruit, among other products.Processing babassu oil in the village of Potikro in the Trincheira-Bacajá Indigenous Territory, home to Xikrin Indians. Image by Leonardo de Moura.These new community-run cantinas have a democratic structure. The manager, chosen by the community, is in charge of financial administration and pays the families for their products, either in cash or goods, with prices fixed by the community.It’s a marked difference from previously, when the families were heavily exploited by the river traders. The new structure came about after they sought help from partners like the Socioenvironmental Institute (ISA) and the civil nonprofit Institute of Agricultural and Forest Management and Certification (IMAFLORA) to develop an alternative marketing network. They were seeking fair prices and long-term contracts that respected the way the communities functioned, and in tune with their seasonal rhythms.“The creation of a network of community cantinas and mini factories scattered across the region has driven the process by which beiradeiros [riverine families] and indigenous communities have become protagonists in the building of productive systems and the management of the territory as a whole,” Marcelo Salazar, office coordinator of the ISA in Altamira and one of the people who helped set up the network, told Mongabay.The network has helped to stem the rural exodus and reinvigorate extractivism. For instance, more than 150 long-abandoned pathways cut through the forest by rubber tappers have been reopened. “There were a lot of people who didn’t collect forest products any more, as it’s hard work and they didn’t earn much,” Pedro Pereira de Castro said. “Everyone was giving up and doing other things. But today we earn much more and people are going back to extractivism.”Dona Maria Laur, a beiradeira who manages the São Francisco cantina in the Rio Iriri Extractive Reserve, said the project had had a big impact on young people. “I’m amazed seeing young people breaking Brazil nuts because they were turning their back on the forest, staying at home,” she told Mongabay. “But today they spend all day working with their parents, they don’t want to go to the city.”Even those who left previously, she says, are coming back to the forest, drawn by the money they can earn from Brazil nuts. “If the nuts didn’t bring in money, how could we have got our children to come back and work with us?”The forest has gained prestige among young people, she says. “Something that everyone here will tell you is the change in the way youngsters view the forest. Even though people tell them they can earn good money from ranching, no one wants to fell the forest,” Dona Maria said.Dona Maria Laura in her house, which is also a cantina. The map on the wall behind her shows the locations of the other cantinas in the network. Image by Marcelo Salazar/ISA.It’s not only young people whose lives have been transformed, says Augusto Postigo, an anthropologist who is part of the ISA team working with the cantinas. “The strengthening of extractivism in the reserve has turned into a way of managing the reserve, with the reoccupation of land and the strengthening of rights over historical, traditional territory and the monitoring of protected areas,” he said. “At the same time, initiatives have been taken to improve education and health, because this is required to organize production.”Just as important as the economic benefits is the strengthening of the communities and their culture. “Everything is better because we’re all together,” Raimunda Araujo Rodrigues Nonata, who runs the Rio Novo cantina and coordinates the mini-processing plants, told Mongabay. “We’ve become one big family, with the network of cantinas.”It has become easier for communities to be in touch with each other, she says. “Now we have the extractive reserves, everyone has a radio [to communicate over long distances]. Today everyone is talking to each other and this helps us protect our territory. Everyone is paying attention to what is happening, commenting on the arrival of someone from outside.”These developments are disproving the widely held assertion that the extractivism, practiced by traditional communities occupying the Amazon forest is no longer viable in the modern world. These families have over the centuries acquired an extraordinary wealth of knowledge about the forest. But until recently it was difficult for them to use this knowledge, so valuable to efforts to conserve the forest, to make a decent living.Thanks to the families in the Terra do Meio, this is changing. They are giving the world a lesson in how to generate income sustainably from standing forest.Weighing babassu nuts in the mini factory in Potikro village in the Trincheira-Bacajá Indigenous Territory, home to Xikrin Indians. Image by Leonardo Moura. Agriculture, Amazon Agriculture, Amazon Conservation, Amazon People, Conservation, Conservation Solutions, Culture, Environment, Forests, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Indigenous Culture, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Rainforests, Rivers, Saving The Amazon, Social Justice, Threats To The Amazon, Traditional People, Tropical Forests Article published by hayat Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Johannesburg, founded as it was on the rich seam of gold that makes up the Witwatersrand, has long been known as the City of Gold. More than a hundred years since the days of instant fortune in the mining town, it is the top place that African millionaires call their home. Johannesburg is the top city in Africa for dollar millionaires. (Image: Media Club South Africa) Text: Melissa JavanGraphic: Mary AlexanderAlmost half of Africa’s dollar millionaires live in four of South Africa’s cities, according to a report by global research company New World Wealth.The report was released earlier this week. It found that the country’s city of gold, Johannesburg, was the home of most of Africa’s millionaires, with 23 400 living there. Cape Town (8 900), Durban (2 700) and Pretoria (2 500) were also all in the top 10 of the list.As of June 2015, there were about 163 000 millionaires living in Africa, with combined wealth holdings of $670-billion (R9.09-trillion). Of that number, nearly 42% lived in South Africa.Cairo, Egypt had the second highest number of millionaires, with 10 200), followed by Lagos, Nigeria with 9 100 millionaires.The Ghanaian city of Accra was expected see the biggest growth in millionaires in the next decade, with numbers forecast to increase from 2 300 in 2015 to 4 100 in 2025, the report found.Nairobi (71% increase from 6 200 to 10 600) and Durban (48% increase to 4 000) had the next highest projected growth.Colin Grieve, the chief representative officer at AfrAsia Bank, said African cities were emerging as epicentres of growth and opportunity. “(They are) places where growing numbers of consumers with disposable income are congregating,” he said.“Successful entrepreneurs are seizing the opportunity to provide products and services to these expanding markets and in doing so, generating wealth for themselves and their communities.”Click on the image below for a larger view.Sources: New World WealthIn another report released in July, Plettenberg Bay, on the Garden Route was named the top second home hotspot in South Africa for the super-rich, with over 120 homes valued at R20-million or more. It is the highest of any town in the country with the exception of Johannesburg and Cape Town.New World Wealth reported that other second home hotspots for the super-rich were Umhlanga and La Lucia (230) in Durban, Knysna on the Garden Route (230), Stellenbosch in Western Cape (170) and Franschoek in Western Cape (70). In these towns, local and foreign buyers made their second homes. These statistics exclude major cities.Multimillionaires or the super-rich refer to individuals with net assets of $10-million (R120-million) or more.This article was originally posted on the News24 wire.
Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting This month saw new dedupe backup appliances from Greenbytes and Quantum that are VM-aware and reminded me that there is a lot going on in this particular market. Dedupe means avoiding making multiple backups of the same file, even if that file is found across different VMs or different users. Let’s look at some of the recent announcements and also point to places that we have covered dedupe techs in the recent past if you want to learn more about the subject. John Cronin, a senior technical product manager for the storage and availability management group at Symantec, was one of our participants in our live text chat earlier this week. He mentioned that“space optimized snapshots can use storage more efficiently. For example, in a virtual desktop environment most of the OS images have largely the same bits. If we store 1000 desktop images, we can save a lot of space if we only use one copy of the things that are the same and then store only the differences.”Speaking of our chat series, in the first one that we held last month, we dived a bit deeper into dedupe, and you can replay the chat here.So the major product announcements this month include the Greenbytes HA-3000 dedupe appliance and the Quantum DXi4601 dedupe appliance, which costs $21,500 for a 4 TB system, which is low for the kind of functionality it offers. It can also scale on demand from 4 TB up to 12 TB of usable capacity by simply activating the appropriate licensing key. Quantum claims it has twice the dedupe performance of competitors in its class at half the price. Last month, we even saw the beginnings of offering dedupe on actual silicon, which will speed up the process even further. There are many backup technologies that are available that include dedupe as part of their feature set, and we review the major ones here and in a review of Acronis Backup here in stories we wrote over the summer. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market david strom Tags:#Analysis#cloud#news Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts
Related Posts Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… alicia eler The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Tags:#Social Web#Video Services#web Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification Pinterest has been blowing up all over the Internet. Pinterest is focused on images, although you can pin videos too. Chill however is a video-only pinboard site, which is its differentiation. Based in Los Angeles, the site launched in its current iteration one month ago. It has received more than 500,000 unique visitors in the first month. Every day, users share 4,000 videos on the site. But should Chill really be called “the Pinterest of video”?“It’s not an unfair comparison given we both utilize the masonry user interface and emphasize the sharing of interesting content,” says Founder Brian Norgard. It’s true: A picture (on Pinterest) may be worth 1,000 words. But in a video, you’ll be able to hear and understand all 1,000 words. “As we see it, video has many tributaries: short form, television, motion pictures, UGC, etc.,” says Norgard. “In order to build world class experiences for customers, video needs a dedicated platform.”Using Chill is quite simple. Login with Facebook, find a video that you enjoy and repost it to your account. Then choose a type of smiley face emoticon that expresses how you feel about the video. You can also leave a comment, and see who else viewed the video. Lastly, share the video out to Facebook or Twitter. Doesn’t video already have a home on the Web? Yes, it does. In fact, it has two: YouTube and Vimeo. Both of those sites are great for hosting videos. But when it comes to fast user-to-user sharing, those are not the places to be. And what about Facebook? As of December 2011, Facebook was one of the top destinations for online video watching after Google Sites, VEVO, Yahoo! Sites and Viacom Digital. This particular report took into account the total unique viewers and number of videos, but it did not look at the number of videos shared. Last week, Tim and Eric’s Billion Dollar Movie debuted on Facebook a full two weeks before hitting theaters. Fans paid $10 to watch it on the social network, which is cheaper than in some cinemas. All that said, Norgard is not concerned about competing with Facebook. In fact, he sees Chill as complimenting it. After users sign into Chill with Facebook Connect, Chill has access to the open graph, which helps the site deliver relevant videos to the user. “Video needs a dedicated platform,” says Norgard. “From video search to collections, there’s so many aspects of the video experience that Facebook isn’t focusing on today because of its massive scale.” Chill is only one month in, but things are looking good. It has curated a few popular video collections, including The Ultimate Steve Jobs Collection and The Shit People Say Definitive Collection.So sorry, Ryan Gosling: It looks like you’ll have to hang out on Pinterest. Shit X Says to Y meme, we’ll see you on Chill. Image courtesy of Shutterstock. A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit
28Feb Reps. Cox, Barrett testify in support of aircraft safety bills Categories: Cox News,Cox Photos,News,Photos State Reps. Laura Cox of Livonia and Tom Barrett of Potterville testified before the House Law and Justice Committee today in support of legislation that prohibits intentionally pointing a laser or a directed energy device at or in the path of aircraft, including helicopters and airplanes. Also testifying in support of the two-bill package were pilots from the Michigan State Police and Oakland County Sheriff’s Office.